Do not belittle the symptoms of joint pain, it is a warning from health professionals when the incidence of arthritis tends to increase, even in young people, if not treated well. The risk of disability is entirely possible. Finding out the causes and symptoms of polyarthritis will give you information to adjust your lifestyle as well as to timely detect the most effective treatments.

Causes of polyarthritis

Polyarthritis is not a rare bone disease disease, and in fact, one in eight people in the age group of 18-79 years have had a disease, in which women are at higher risk. Compared to men. In Vietnam, one out of every 100 people with arthritis in hospital, 20 of them have polyarthritis. The disease is more common in women (3 times higher than in men); however, before 30 years of age, men are more prone to and after 30 years of age, arthritis is more common in women.

Polyarthritis is actually a chronic arthritis. The cause of polyarthritis is because some cells in the body confuse their own proteins as aliens. At that time, the immune system is stimulated to react with these proteins, releasing neurotransmitters that cause inflammation and destruction in the joints. Science does not explain why the body produces these antibodies. However, there are some factors that cause the body to develop symptoms of arthritis.

- Genetic factors: Genetics is also recognized as a risk factor for polyarthritis. When you carry this gene, you have the potential to develop it in the future, not sure you have it. The researchers found that there was an element of onset of rheumatoid arthritis in people with the disease gene.

- Age factor: The risk of developing polyarthritis most likely to increase with age. Along with the aging of the body, joint cartilage is also worn down. Research shows that by the age of 50, 90% of cartilage degradation and polyarthritis occur when cartilage is worn out and lost. In the past, polyarthritis was considered a disease of old age, but nowadays due to lifestyle changes, people of all ages may be at risk for multiple arthritis.

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Older people are more susceptible to arthritis

Overweight and obesity: Excess weight will also be the onset and progression of osteoarthritis, especially the knee bone because it suffers an overload from body weight. Most large joints in the body such as the hip, knee, and spine are affected by polyarthritis.

- Joint injury: Severe injuries can lead to high risk of joint inflammation.

- Infection: Polyarthritis may also be caused by an infection, as the body weakens, leading to infections with some common bacteria and viruses, when the disorienting immune system begins to attack. Works normal joint tissue.

 - Root cause: Multiple arthritis is significantly related to sex (70-80% of female patients), people with weaker muscles (women) are more at risk for osteoarthritis. Especially after menopause when osteoporosis occurs.

- Occupation: Overworked people who frequently carry heavy bruises or certain occupations involving knee joint bends repeatedly are also at risk for osteoarthritis of the knee.

Weather factors change, humidity is low, body weakens fatigue, cold can also degrade joints.

Common symptoms of polyarthritis

Body and joint manifestations of polyarthritis vary, and patients may experience one or more of the following symptoms:

- Stage of onset: At this stage the disease usually starts gradually, gradually, only about 10-15% of the disease starts suddenly and acute. Before the symptoms of joints, patients may manifest as mild fever, fatigue, weight loss, sweating, numbness of the extremities. This period lasts several weeks to several months and then switches to a full-blown stage.

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Swelling of knee joint pain

- Full-blown: The first sign of polyarthritis is a feeling of joint pain, inflammation of the joint (hands, wrists, hands, fingers, knees, ankles, feet, toes Legs) and gradually increase in other joints. Arthritic joints are symmetrical. Patients may feel morning stiffness, wake up can not move immediately but have to rotate joints, massage about 10-15 minutes to be able to go to bed. Morning morning stiffness can last more than an hour.

There may be subcutisally present on the bone near the elbow joint, on the tibia (near the knee), around the wrist joint. Particles 5-15 mm in diameter are prominent on the skin, firm, painless, non-mobile.

If not treated promptly, cartilage and bones will be worn, the joint joints narrow gradually, the joints stick together to deform the joints, fingers shrink, can not grasp, can not shoulder Raised high, the toes severely out, causing pain.

In addition, patients also have systemic symptoms such as high fever to 410C, fatigue, pallor, weight loss. There may be small pink dots in the body and limbs. Muscle thrombosis can occur in the area around the injured joint due to reduced mobility.

People with polyarthritis may also have pericarditis and are prone to blockage of the heart arteries, causing chest pain or myocardial infarction.

Less than 5% of people with polyarthritis have eye symptoms, including red eyes, sore eyes or dry eyes, fears of light, vision loss.